Saturday, June 30, 2012

10 July - History and Importance of the Day



The Battle of Britain began 10 July 1940   http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-battle-of-britain-begins

1943 - The Allied invasion of Italy began with an attack on the island of Sicily.

July 10, 1973 - The Bahamas gained their independence after 250 years as a British Crown Colony.

July 10, 1991 - Boris Yeltsin took the oath of office, becoming the first popularly elected president in Russia's thousand-year history.

Birthday - Theologian and founder of Presbyterianism, John Calvin (1509-1564) was born in Noyon, France.

Tennis player Arthur Ashe (1943-1993) was born in Richmond, Virginia. He won a total of 33 titles including the U.S. men's singles championship and U.S. Open in 1968 and the men's singles at Wimbledon in 1975.



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10 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management


http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/10

Bahamas National Day

11 July - History and Importance of the Day


World Population Day
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World Population Day

11 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management


1811 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.

1892  According to US Patent Office,  J W Swan, rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp


Birthday - John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) the 6th U.S. President, and son of the 2nd President, John Adams.  After serving just one term as President, he served 17 years as a member of Congress.  He was the the first president whose father had also been president.


http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/11



http://www.historyplace.com/specials/calendar/july.htm

12 July - History and Importance of the Day



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1928 1st televised tennis match
1933 US Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
1979 Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK

Birthday - American philosopher Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/12

12 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

13 July - History and Importance of the Day

14 July - History and Importance of the Day


1789 - The fall of the Bastille occurred at the beginning of the French Revolution.

July 14, 1791 - In England, the Birmingham riot occurred on the second anniversary of the fall of the Bastille. Mob rule lasted for three days, targeting controversial scientist and theologian Joseph Priestly's home and laboratory as well as the homes of his friends. Priestly, who had expressed support for the American and French revolutions, fled to London with his family and later moved to America.



Birthday - Gerald R. Ford, the 38th U.S. President.  In 1973, he was appointed vice president following the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew. He became president on August 9, 1974, following the resignation of Richard M. Nixon. He was the first non-elected vice president and non-elected president of the U.S.


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Bastille Day - France National Day 


14 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/14

15 July - History and Importance of the Day



1918 - During the Battle of the Marne in World War I, German General Erich Ludendorff launched Germany's fifth, and last, offensive to break through the Chateau-Thierry salient. However, the Germans were stopped by American, British and Italian divisions. On July 18, General Foch, Commander-in-Chief of the Allied troops, launched a massive counter-offensive. The Germans began a retreat lasting four months until they requested an armistice in November.

Birthday - The first American saint, Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917) was born in Lombardy, Italy. She was the founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and established Catholic schools, orphanages, convents and hospitals. She was canonized, July 7, 1946, by Pope Pius XII.


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Brunei Royal Birthday

15 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/15

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/todayinamericanhistory/p/th_0715x.htm

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-announces-visit-to-communist-china

16 July - History and Importance of the Day


16 July History Events Video
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1945 First Atom bomb detonated by USA
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--U-S--Detonates-World-s-First-Atomic-Bomb.html

1969 Apollo 11 launched successfully.


Birthday - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (1872-1928) was born near Oslo. He was the first to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean via the Northwest Passage. He discovered the South Pole in 1911 and flew over the North Pole in a dirigible in 1926.

16 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/atom-bomb-successfully-tested


http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/16

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/todayinamericanhistory/p/th_0716x.htm

17 July - History and Importance of the Day



1918 - In the Russian town of Ekaterinburg in Siberia, former Czar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and their five children were murdered by Bolsheviks.

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17 July Constitution Day of South Korea

Iraq National Day


First air conditioning machine was installed on this day. 17 July 1902
17 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/todayinamericanhistory/p/th_0717x.htm

http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/17

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/disneyland-opens

19 July - History and Importance of the Day



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http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/19-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/19

1996 - XXVI Olympic games opening ceremony in Atlanta Georgia

Opening Ceremony YouTube video

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAFhNobJABU
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kp-1zF0E8PQ
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20 July - History and Importance of the Day




Anniversary of Man’s Landing on the moon

1969 - A global audience watched on television as Apollo 11 Astronaut Neil Armstrong took his first step onto the moon. As he stepped onto the moon's surface he proclaimed, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind" - inadvertently omitting an "a" before "man" and slightly changing the meaning.

Birthday - Explorer Edmund Hillary was born in Auckland, New Zealand, July 20, 1919. In 1953, he became first to ascend Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world at 29,023 ft.



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Colombia - National Day - Independence Day - 20 July

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/20

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/20-july-knowledge-history-science.html

21 July - History and Importance of the Day

1898 - Guam was ceded to the United States by Spain.

Birthday - Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961).  His works included; The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) and The Old Man and the Sea (1952). Awarded the Nobel Prize in 1954

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Belgium National Day 

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/21

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/21-july-knowledge-history-science.html


Business events

2002 - Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. It is  the largest such filing in United States history.

22 July - History and Importance of the Day




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http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/22-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/22

1775 - George Washington takes command of US troops

23 July - History and Importance of the Day


1952 - Egyptian army officers launched a revolution changing Egypt from a monarchy to a republic.

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National Day of Egypt - 1952 Revolution Day

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/23-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/23

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_23

23 July Business History - 1903 Ford sold its first car Model A

24 July - History and Importance of the Day


 1943 - During World War II in Europe, the Royal Air Force conducted Operation Gomorrah, raiding Hamburg.  The air plans tossed bales of aluminum foil strips overboard to cause German radar screens to see a blizzard of false echoes. As a result, only twelve of 791 Allied bombers involved were shot down.

July 24, 1945 - At the conclusion of the Potsdam Conference in Germany, Winston Churchill, Harry Truman and China's representatives issued a demand for unconditional Japanese surrender. The Japanese  rejected the Potsdam Declaration on July 26.

Birthdays

"The Liberator" Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) was born in Caracas, Venezuela. He is known as the George Washington of South America for his efforts to liberate six nations: Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia from the rule of Spain.

French playwright and novelist Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870).  His works included The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers.

American pilot Amelia Earhart (1898-1937).  She became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic and to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
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http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/24

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/24-july-knowledge-history-science.html

Birthday

1897 Amelia Earhart, Pilot http://www.biography.com/people/amelia-earhart-9283280

25 July - History and Importance of the Day



1898 - During the Spanish-American War, the U.S. invaded Puerto Rico, which was then a Spanish colony. In 1917, Puerto Ricans became American citizens and Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the U.S. Partial self-government was granted in 1947 allowing citizens to elect their own governor. In 1951, Puerto Ricans wrote their own constitution and elected a non-voting commissioner to represent them in Washington.

1909 - The world's first international overseas airplane flight was achieved by Louis Bleriot in a small monoplane. He took off from France and landed in England near Dover.

1943 - Mussolini was deposed just two weeks after the Allied attack on Sicily.

1956 - The Italian luxury liner Andrea Doria sank after colliding with the Swedish liner Stockholm on its way to New York. Nearby ships came to the rescue, saving 1,634 people.


1978
Birth day of First Test tube baby, Leslie Brown
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1228.html#article

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25 July 2012 - Football matches begin today at London 2012 Olympics
http://nrao-games-sports.blogspot.com/2012/07/25-july-2012-london-olympics-2012-news.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/25

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/25-july-knowledge-history-science.html

26 July - History and Importance of the Day


July 26, 1953 - The beginning of Fidel Castro's revolutionary "26th of July Movement." In 1959, Castro led the rebellion that drove out dictator Fulgencio Batista.

Birthday - Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950).


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http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/26

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/26-july-knowledge-history-science.html

27 July - History and Importance of the Day


Historical Events on 27 July

 1953 - The Korean War ended with the signing of an armistice by U.S. and North Korean delegates at Panmunjom, Korea. The war went on  for over three years.


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London 2012 Olympics Opening Day


http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/27

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/27-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_27


31 July - History and Importance of the Day



1790 - The U.S. Patent Office was opened.  The first U.S. patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for a new method of making pearlash and potash. The patent was signed by George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.

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London 2012 Olympics Day 5

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/31

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/31-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_31

3 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - Confederate president Jefferson Davis (1808-1889)

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

7 June - History and Importance of the Day





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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

8 June - History and Importance of the Day

World Oceans Day

2011
World IPv6 Day - IPv6 system or protocol was tested with Google etc. as partners

Birthday - American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

9 June - History and Importance of the Day




1898 - The British signed a 99-year lease for Hong Kong, located on the southeastern coast of China. Hong Kong, consisting of an area measuring 400 square miles, was administered as a British Crown Colony until July 1, 1997, when its sovereignty reverted to the People's Republic of China.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

10 June - History and Importance of the Day




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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

11 June - History and Importance of the Day




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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

12 June - History and Importance of the Day


World Day against Child Labor

1898 - The Philippines declared their independence from Spain. The islands were named after King Philip II. Once freed from Spain, the islands were then invaded and occupied by U.S. forces. They became an American colony and remained so until after World War II.

Birthday - George Bush, the 41st U.S. President

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

13 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - Nobel Prize-winning Irish poet and dramatist William Butler Yeats (1865-1939) was born in Dublin, Ireland. Among his plays; The Countess Cathleen (1892) and Cathleen ni Houlihan (1902).

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

14 June - History and Importance of the Day


World Blood Donor Day




1775 - The first U.S. Military service, the Continental Army consisting of six companies of riflemen, was established by the Second Continental Congress. The next day, George Washington was appointed by a unanimous vote to command the army.

1777 - John Adams introduced a resolution before Congress mandating a United States flag, stating, "...that the flag of the thirteen United States shall be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white on a blue field, representing a new constellation." This anniversary is celebrated each year in the U.S. as Flag Day.

1922 - Warren G. Harding became the first U.S. President to broadcast a message over the radio. The event was the dedication of the Francis Scott Key Memorial in Baltimore.

1951 - Univac 1, the world's first commercial electronic computer was unveiled in Philadelphia. It was installed at the Census Bureau and utilized a magnetic tape unit as a buffer memory.
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14 June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

16 June - History and Importance of the Day


1963 - Valentina Tereshkova, 26, became the first woman in space

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

17 June - History and Importance of the Day



World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

18 June - History and Importance of the Day


1812 - After much debate, the U.S. Senate voted 19 to 13 in favor of a declaration of war against Great Britain, prompted by Britain's violation of America's rights on the high seas and British incitement of Indian warfare on the Western frontier. The next day, President James Madison officially proclaimed the U.S. to be in a state of war. The War of 1812 lasted over two years and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in Belgium on December 24, 1814.

June 18, 1815 - On the fields near Waterloo in central Belgium, 72,000 French troops, led by Napoleon, suffered a crushing military defeat from a combined Allied army of 113,000 British, Dutch, Belgian, and Prussian troops.

June 18, 1983 - Dr. Sally Ride, a 32-year-old physicist and pilot, became the first American woman in space, beginning a six-day mission aboard the space shuttle Challenger, launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.



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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

19 June - History and Importance of the Day


2013 Father's Day (3rd Sunday of June)


1953 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed by electrocution at Sing Sing Prison in New York. They had been found guilty of providing vital information on the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union during 1944-45. They were the first U.S. civilians to be sentenced to death for espionage


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19 June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

20 June - History and Importance of the Day



World Refugee Day


1782 - The U.S. Congress officially adopted the Great Seal of the United States of America.
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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

21 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980).  Dubbed the "father of existentialism," in 1964, he rejected the Nobel Prize for Literature when it was awarded to him.
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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

22 June - History and Importance of the Day


1941 - Starting at 3:15 am, some 3.2 million German soldiers plunged headlong into Russia across an 1800-mile front in World War II.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

23 June - History and Importance of the Day


International Widows Day
United Nations Public Services Day


1865 - The last formal surrender of Confederate troops occurred as Cherokee leader and Confederate Brigadier General Watie surrendered his battalion comprised of American Indians in the Oklahoma Territory.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

24 June - History and Importance of the Day


1948 - Soviet Russia began a blockade of Berlin. Two days later the Allies responded with an emergency airlift to relieve two million isolated West Berliners.

2010 - Labor Party deputy Julia Gillard became Australia's first female Prime Minister.

Birthday - Boxing champ Jack Dempsey (1895-1983).  Dubbed "The Manassa Mauler," he reigned as world heavyweight champion from 1919 to 1926.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

25 June - History and Importance of the Day


Day of the Seafarer



1862 - During the American Civil War, the Seven Days Campaign began as Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched a series of assaults to prevent a Union attack on Richmond, Virginia.

 1950 - The Korean War began as North Korean troops, led by Russian-built tanks, crossed the 38th parallel and launched a full scale invasion of South Korea. Five days later, U.S. ground forces entered the conflict, which lasted until July 27, 1953, when an armistice was signed at Panmunjom, formally dividing the country at the 38th parallel into North and South Korea.

1991 - Following the collapse of Soviet rule in Eastern Europe, the republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia.

Birthday - British satirist George Orwell (1903-1950) was born at Montihari in Bengal (as Eric Arthur Blair). He is best known for two works of fiction Animal Farm (1944), and 1984 (1949).
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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

27 June - History and Importance of the Day




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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

29 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - American surgeon William Mayo (1861-1939).  He was one of the Mayo brothers, pioneers of the concept of the group clinic, bringing together specialists from a number of medical fields to better perform diagnoses and treatment. The Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, became an internationally known medical center.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management