Saturday, July 14, 2012

3 September - History and Importance of the Day




1783 Treaty of Peace signed ending American Revolution
1833 The New York Sun newspaper first appeared
1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany.
1943 Italy signed an armistice with the Allies during World War II in Europe.

6 September - History and Importance of the Day





1620 Mayflower set sail for America.
1914 First Battle of Marne begins.

1919 Leningrad was renamed Saint Petersburg by Russian legislators following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

7 September - History and Importance of the Day


1533 Queen Elizabeth I born.

1822 Brazil declared its independence from Portugal after 322 years as a colony.

1940 The German Luftwaffe began its Blitz bombing campaign against London during World War II.

8 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Literacy Day



1157 Richard the Lion-Hearted born.

1883 The Northern Pacific Railroad across the U.S. was completed.

1941  The German Army began its blockade of Leningrad

10 September - History and Importance of the Day



World Suicide Prevention Day


1898 Elizabeth, Empress of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated in Geneva

1919 Treaty of St. Germain signed.

1943 Hitler's troops occupied Rome and took over the protection of Vatican City.

12 September - History and Importance of the Day


International Day of South-South cooperation

490 B.C. Battle of Marathon.
1683 John Sobieski, King of Poland, defeats Turks at Vienna.
1953 Nikita Khrushchev was elected First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR.

13 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Chocolate Day



1759 Battle of Quebec began


1788 The U.S. Congress chose New York as the Federal capital of the new American government.

1814  The Battle of Fort Henry in Baltimore Harbor occurred

14 September - History and Importance of the Day



1812 Napoleon and his troops first entered Moscow.

1917  Russia proclaimed a Republic.

1960  The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was formed by representatives of oil-producing countries meeting in Baghdad.

1982  Princess Grace of Monaco died following an accident in which her car plunged off a mountain road in Monte Carlo. 

15 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Day of Democracy
World Software Freedom Day


1890 British mystery author Agatha Christie (1890-1976) was born. She wrote nearly a hundred books.

1940 The height of the Battle of Britain occurred as massive German air raids took place against London, Southampton, Bristol, Cardiff, Liverpool and Manchester.

16 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Day for the Preservation of Ozone Layer



1638 Louis XIV of France born.
1810 Mexican revolt against Spanish began.


1787 - At the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, delegates from twelve states voted unanimously to approve the proposed U.S. Constitution.

1862 General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate armies were stopped at Antietam in Maryland by General George B. McClellan. By nightfall 26,000 men were dead, wounded, or missing.

1908 - The first fatality involving powered flight occurred. A biplane piloted by Orville Wright fell from a height of 75 feet, and Lt. Thomas E. Selfridge died. Wright had serious injuries.

17 September - History and Importance of the Day



1631 Battle of Leipzig

1939 - Soviet Russians invaded Eastern Poland, meeting little resistance and taking over 200,000 Poles prisoner. This was done in accordance with the Nazi-Soviet Pact.  

18 September - History and Importance of the Day



1709  Dr. Samuel Johnson born.

1810  Chile declared its independence from Spain after 269 years as a colony.

1947 - The U.S. Air Force was established as a separate military service.

Birthday - Movie actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990) 

19 September - History and Importance of the Day



1356  Battle of Poitiers.


1994 U.S. troops invaded Haiti to restore democracy.

1911 British author William Golding (1911-1993) was born. He is best known for Lord of the Flies and  received  Nobel Prize for literature in 1983.

20 September - History and Importance of the Day



1873  The New York Stock Exchange was closed for the first time in its history as a result of a banking crisis that happened due to the financial Panic of 1873.

1989 F.W. De Klerk was sworn in as president of South Africa and began reforms aimed at ending apartheid and was succeeded by Nelson Mandela.

21 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Day of Peace

World Gratitude Day

1949 Federal Republic of Germany formally begins.

1949  The People's Republic of China was proclaimed by its Communist leaders. Mao Zedong

22 September - History and Importance of the Day


World Car-free Day


1862 - Otto von Bismarck became premier of Prussia. He forged a loose confederation of German states into a powerful nation, with Wilhelm I becoming Kaiser of the new German Empire.

1862 - President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves in territories held by Confederates as of January 1, 1863.


British scientist Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was born. His discovery of electromagnetic induction  resulted in the development of electric generators.

23 September - History and Importance of the Day



Autumn (Sept. 23-Dec. 21) begins in the Northern Hemisphere with the autumnal equinox, at 1:37 a.m. EDT. In the Southern Hemisphere today is the beginning of spring.




63 B.c. Augustus Caesar born.

1991 - Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.

24 September - History and Importance of the Day



Horace Walpole born, 1717.

1980 - War erupted between Iran and Iraq as Iraqi troops crossed the border and encircled Abadan, then set fire to the world's largest oil refinery.


Birthday - American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)

25 September - History and Importance of the Day




1513 - Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa first sighted the Pacific Ocean after crossing the Isthmus of Panama.

1690 - The first American newspaper was published. A single edition of Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick appeared in Boston, Massachusetts.

1789 - The first U.S. Congress proposed 12 Amendments to the Constitution, ten of which, comprising the Bill of Rights, were ratified.

Birthday - American writer William Faulkner (1897-1962) was born in New Albany, Mississippi. Author of The Sound and the Fury and The Rivers.

29 September - History and Importance of the Day



World Heart Day
Inventors' Day

Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto born, 1518.
Lord Nelson born, 1758.

1789 - Congress created the United States Army, consisting of 1,000 enlisted men and officers.
Otto von Bismarck delivers "Blood and Iron" speech, 1862.
Nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) was born in Rome.



History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

30 September - History and Importance of the Day




Deposition of Richard II of England, 1399.
Munich Agreement signed, 1938.

1949 - The Berlin Airlift concluded after 277,264 flights carrying over 2 million tons of supplies to the people of West Berlin, who were blockaded by the Soviets.



History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Monday, July 2, 2012

1 August - History and Importance of the Day

3 August - History and Importance of the Day




1492 - Christopher Columbus set sail from Palos, Spain, with three ships, Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria. Seeking a westerly route to the Far East, he  landed on October 12th in the Bahamas,


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London 2012 Olympics Day 8

http://nraombakc.blogspot.com/2012/07/3-august-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/august/3

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_3


4 August - History and Importance of the Day


1962 - Apartheid opponent Nelson Mandela was arrested by security police in South Africa. He was then tried and sentenced to five years in prison.

Birthday - 1961 -  Barack Obama the 44th U.S. President was born in Honolulu, Hawaii,


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London 2012 Olympics Day 9

http://nraombakc.blogspot.com/2012/07/4-august-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/august/4

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_4


5 August - History and Importance of the Day



1861 - President Abraham Lincoln signed into law the first Federal income tax, a 3 percent tax on incomes over $800, as an emergency wartime measure during the Civil War. However, the tax was never actually put into effect.



 2011 - Standard & Poor’s credit rating agency downgraded the United States debt from its highest rating of AAA to a lesser AA+ rating, marking the first-ever decline of credit worthiness for the U.S.

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London 2012 Olympics Day 10

http://nraombakc.blogspot.com/2012/07/5-august-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/august/5

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_5

10 August - History and Importance of the Day


International Biodiesel Day


Birthday - Herbert Hoover (1874-1964) the 31st U.S. President

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11 August - History and Importance of the Day



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12 August - History and Importance of the Day


International Youth Day


 1676 - King Philip's War ended with the assassination of Metacom, leader of the Pokanokets, a tribe within the Wampanoag Indian Federation. Nicknamed 'King Philip' by colonists, he led a Native American uprising against white settlers which went on  for nearly two years.

Birthday - Film pioneer Cecil B. DeMille (1881-1959).  He produced over 70 major films including Cleopatra, The Ten Commandments, and The Greatest Show on Earth.

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13 August - History and Importance of the Day


International Lefthanders Day


1961 - The Berlin Wall came into existence after the East German government closed the border between east and west sectors of Berlin with barbed wire to discourage emigration to the West.

Birthday - British film director Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980).  His suspenseful films included classics such as The 39 Steps, Rebecca, Suspicion, Notorious, Rear Window, The Birds, Psycho and Frenzy, in addition to his American TV series Alfred Hitchcock Presents.

Birthday - Cuban President Fidel Castro.  He led a rebellion in 1959 that drove out Dictator Fulgencio Batista.


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14 August - History and Importance of the Day


World Lizard Day
Pakistan Independence Day


1935 - President Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act establishing the system which guarantees pensions to those who retire at age 65. The Social Security system also aids states in providing financial aid to dependent children, the blind and others, as well as administering a system of unemployment insurance.

August 14, 1941 - After three days of secret meetings aboard warships off the coast of Newfoundland, the Atlantic Charter was issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Charter  set forth eight goals for the nations of the world, including; the renunciation of all aggression, right to self-government, access to raw materials, freedom from want and fear, freedom of the seas, and disarmament of aggressor nations. By September, fifteen anti-Axis nations signed the Charter.

August 14, 1945 - Delegates of Emperor Hirohito accepted Allied surrender terms originally issued at Potsdam on July 26, 1945, with the exception that the Japanese Emperor's sovereignty would be maintained. Japanese Emperor Hirohito, who had never spoken on radio, then recorded an announcement admitting Japan's agreement of peace.  The announcement was broadcast via radio to the Japanese people at noon the next day.
August 14, 1945 - V-J Day, commemorating President Truman's announcement that Japan had surrendered to the Allies.

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15 August - History and Importance of the Day



India Independence Day


Birthday - French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was born on the island of Corsica. Originally an officer in King Louis' Army, he rose to become Emperor amid the political chaos that followed the French Revolution.
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Nehru's Speech
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British News Item
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15 August 1948

Republic of South Korea was established
The importance of 15 August in Korea's History
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17 August - History and Importance of the Day



1943 - During World War II in Europe, the Allies completed the conquest of the island of Sicily after just 38 days. This gave the Allies control of the Mediterranean and also led to the downfall of Benito Mussolini

1978 - The first transatlantic balloon trip was completed by three Americans; Max Anderson, Ben Abruzzo, and Larry Newman, all from Albuquerque, New Mexico. Starting from Maine on August 11th, they traveled in Double Eagle II over 3,000 miles in 137 hours, landing about 60 miles west of Paris.



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20 August - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901) the 23rd U.S. President

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24 August - History and Importance of the Day



79 A.D. - Vesuvius, an active volcano in southern Italy, erupted and destroyed the cities of Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum.

1572 - Thousands of Protestant Huguenots were massacred in Paris and throughout France by Catholics, in what became known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

1814 - During the War of 1812, Washington, D.C., was invaded by British forces that burned the Capitol, the White House and most other public buildings along with a number of private homes.


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26 August - History and Importance of the Day



1883 - One of the most catastrophic volcanic eruptions in recorded history occurred on the Indonesian island of Krakatoa. Explosions were heard 2,000 miles away. Tidal waves 120 ft. high killed 36,000 persons on nearby islands, while five cubic miles of earth were blasted into the air up to a height of 50 miles.


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2 July - History and Importance of the Day





Important Historical Events 2 July


1776 - The Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the following resolution, originally introduced on June 7, by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia: "Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved. That it is expedient forthwith to take the most effectual measures for forming foreign Alliances. That a plan of confederation be prepared and transmitted to the respective Colonies for their consideration and approbation."

July 2, 1788 - Congress announced the United States Constitution had been ratified by the required nine states and that a committee had been appointed to make preparations for the new American government.

July 2, 1881 - President James A. Garfield was shot and mortally wounded as he entered a railway station in Washington, D.C. He died on September 19th.

1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race in public accommodations, publicly owned or operated facilities, employment and union membership and in voter registration. The Act allowed for cutoff of Federal funds in places where discrimination remained.

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Web pages for Historical Events 2 July

http://www.infoplease.com/dayinhistory/July-2

Knowledge History of the Day

2 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

1566
French astrologer, physician, and prophet Nostradamus died.

Nostradamus - The Man Who Saw Tomorrow
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3 July - History and Importance of the Day



1775 - During the American Revolution, George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

July 3, 1976 - The raid on Entebbe airport in Uganda occurred as an Israeli commando unit rescued 103 hostages on a hijacked Air France airliner.

History Events - Video
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Union forces won the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War.


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3 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

5 July - History and Importance of the Day


1775- The Continental Congress adopted the Olive Branch Petition expressing hope for a reconciliation with Britain. However, King George III refused even to look at the petition and instead issued a proclamation declaring the colonists to be in a state of open rebellion.

Birthday - Promoter and showman P.T. Barnum (1810-1891) was born in Bethel, Connecticut. His American Museum opened in 1842, exhibiting unusual acts such as the Feejee Mermaid, Siamese Twins Chang and Eng, and General Tom Thumb. In 1871, Barnum opened "The Greatest Show on Earth" in Brooklyn, New York. He later merged with rival J.A. Bailey to form the Barnum and Bailey Circus.

Birthday - Cecil J. Rhodes (1853-1902) was born at Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England. As a South African millionaire and politician, he was said to have once controlled 90 percent of the world's diamond production. His will established the Rhodes Scholarships at Oxford University for young scholars aged 18-25. Rhodesia was also named for him.
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http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/5


5 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

6 July - History and Importance of the Day


1885 - Louis Pasteur gave the first successful anti-rabies inoculation to a boy who had been bitten by an infected dog.


Birthdays

1903 Axell Theorell - Nobel Prize Winner
1921 Nancy Davis Reagan
1946 George Bush Jr.
1946 Sylvester Stallone

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9 July - History and Importance of the Day




 1868 - The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The Amendment defined U.S. citizenship and prohibited individual States from abridging the rights of any American citizen without due process and equal protection under the law. The Amendment also barred individuals involved in rebellion against the U.S. from holding public office.

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9 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management