National Author's Day USA
1700 - Charles II of Spain died and was succeeded by Philip V, resulting in the War of Spanish Succession.
1922 - Ottoman Empire abolished
1928 - 1st celebration of Author's Day
1936 - The Rome-Berlin Axis was proclaimed by Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini following a visit to Berlin by Italian Foreign Secretary Ciano.
1950 - President Harry S. Truman was the target of an unsuccessful assassination attempt by two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist movement.
1963 - South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu were killed in a military coup.
1993 - The European Union came into existence as a result of the Maastricht Treaty.