Sunday, December 23, 2012

18 August - History and Importance of the Day


1920 - The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, granting women the right to vote.

2012
China's Ms. Wenxia Yu was crowned Miss World 2012
__________

__________
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Thursday, December 6, 2012

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

12 April - History and Importance of the Day



International Mother Earth Day


1861 - The American Civil War began as Confederate troops under the command of General Pierre Beauregard opened fire at 4:30 a.m. on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina.

1945 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt died suddenly at Warm Springs, Georgia, after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage. He had been President since March 4, 1933, elected to four consecutive terms and had guided America out of the Great Depression and through World War II.

1961 - Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space. He traveled aboard the Soviet spacecraft Vostok I to an altitude of 187 miles (301 kilometers) above the earth and completed a single orbit in a flight lasting 108 minutes.

1981 - The first space shuttle flight occurred with the launching of Columbia with astronauts John Young and Robert Crippen aboard. Columbia spent 54 hours in space, making 36 orbits, then landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California.

2004 - Quadruple Century by Brian Lara - Cricket
http://www.espncricinfo.com/magazine/content/story/149410.html



Films History

English Films History

Hindi Films History

Telugu Films History




13 April History and Importance of The Day

11 April History and Importance of The Day

Sunday, November 11, 2012

12 November History and Importance of The Day




World Pneumonia Day




1927 - 1st underwater tunnel, Holland Tunnel connecting New York to New Jersey opened

1945 - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull for establishing UN.

Birthday

1840 - Auguste Rodin (François-Auguste-René Rodin),  France - Sculptor
           About Rodin
           http://www.musee-rodin.fr/en/rodin/chronology-auguste-rodin

           Museum - Rodin
           http://www.musee-rodin.fr/en

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Black Friday - 4th Friday of November

23 November 2012 is Black Friday

After Thanksgiving day, the US people rush to shopping as it is a public holiday in many states and shopping for the holiday season starts on this day. The shop keepers make lot of profits, and the profitable Friday of shopkeepers is called Black Friday as profits are recorded in Black by the shopkeepers.

Holiday Sales in USA 2012 Forecast by Prof Anthony Liuzzo
http://www.wilkes.edu/PDFFiles/HolidayRetailSalesForecast2012.pdf

Black Friday 2011 News

23% y-o-y growth in online sales

http://news.cnet.com/e-shoppers-go-mobile-on-thanksgiving-black-friday/8301-13846_3-57331527-62.html

Black Friday Sales 2011 were estimated to be $11.4 billion. Last year $10.7 billiom

Thanksgiving Day USA 4th Thursday - November


22 November 2012 is Thanksgiving Day
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Story of Thanksgiving Day
With pictures




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Story of Thanksgiving Day
Reading of the story



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Proclamation of George Washington
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/nov25.html

Cyber Monday - 5th Monday of November


26 November 2012 is Cyber Monday

Cyber Monday is Monday after the Thanksgiving day or the 5th Monday. It is now the top online shopping day of the year. One billion dollar sales occurred in 2010.



For CyberMonday You get lots of offers from Online Shopping sites
Shop.org http://www.shop.org/home  created the day. It started a website cybermonday.com

http://www.amazon.com/Cyber-Monday/b?ie=UTF8&node=5550342011

http://www.cybermonday2012.com/

http://www.cybermonday.com/Department-Stores/bc_30___.htm

http://www.walmart.com/cp/cyber-monday/546840

Forrester estimates that Holiday online sales will top $68 billion this year.

China creates history in Online retailing.

China's Alibaba alone got $3.1 billion (RMB 19.1 billion) online sales on 11 November 2012.
Last year 2011, the comparable figure was only $833 million.
http://thenextweb.com/asia/2012/11/12/the-alibaba-backed-chinese-version-cyber-monday-just-brought-in-3-1b-in-e-commerce-sales/

2011 news



http://techcrunch.com/2011/11/26/cyber-monday/

Saturday, November 10, 2012

14 November History and Importance of The Day


World Diabetes Day
Blue all around


1666 - The first experimental blood transfusion took place in Britain, utilizing two dogs.

1770 - Scottish explorer James Bruce discovered the source of the Blue Nile on Lake Tana in northwest Ethiopia.

1889 - Newspaper reporter Nellie Bly set out from New York to beat the record of Jules Verne's imaginary hero Phileas Fogg, who traveled around the world in 80 days. Bly  returned 72 days later to a tumultuous welcome in New York.

Birthday - Steamboat developer Robert Fulton (1765-1815)

Birthday - Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)

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Watch Associated Press Video having some event of the day

________________ ________________
Birthday Jawaharlal Nehru First Prime Minister of India

Friday, November 9, 2012

10 November History and Importance of The Day



World Science Day for Peace and Development


1836 - Louis Napoleon banished to America

1885 - Gottlieb Daimler's motorcycle, world's 1st, made its appearance

World's First Motor Cycle - YouTube Videos

Replica of the first motor cycle
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Monday, November 5, 2012

6 November History and Importance of The Day


International Day for preventing exploitation of environment during war

1860 - Abraham Lincoln  elected 16th American President

1913 - Mohandas K Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) arrested for leading Indian miners march in South Africa

1962 - Saudi Arabia proclaimed abolishing slavery

Sunday, November 4, 2012

5 November History and Importance of The Day




1556 - Akbar succeeded his father Humayun on as Sultan of Delhi

1789 - French National Meeting declared all citizens equal under law

1872 - Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US president

1895 - King Edward VII said "We are all Socialists nowadays"

1937 - Adolf Hitler held a secret meeting and stated his plans for acquiring "living space" for the German people.

1987 - Iceberg twice size of Rhode Island sighted in Antarctic
   Related Interesting news of 2010 - http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/mertz-breakup_prt.htm


2007 - China's first lunar satellite, Chang'e-1 sent  into orbit around the Moon.
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-11/05/content_7014508.htm

Friday, November 2, 2012

3 November History and Importance of The Day




644 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim Khalifa (caliph) was assasinated in Medina.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umar
http://www.al-islam.org/restatement/57.htm
http://www.al-islam.org/restatement/54.htm

1394 - Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI

 1534 - King Henry VIII became Supreme Head of the Church of England following the passage of the Act of Supremacy by Parliament.

1839 - The first Opium War between China and Britain began after British frigates blew up several Chinese junks.

1903 - Panama declared itself independent of Colombia following a revolt engineered by the U.S.

1957 - Soviet Russia launched the world's first inhabited space capsule, Sputnik II, which carried a dog named Laika.

Thursday, November 1, 2012

2 November History and Importance of The Day



1851 - Louis Napoleon takes power in France

1914 - Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire  (First World War)

1964 - Faisal became King of Saudi Arabia

1988 - 1st Mrs America beauty pageant

Wednesday, October 31, 2012

1 November History and Importance of The Day



National Author's Day USA
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/National+Author's+Day


1700 - Charles II of Spain died and was succeeded by Philip V, resulting in the War of Spanish Succession.


1922 - Ottoman Empire abolished

1928 - 1st celebration of Author's Day

1936 - The Rome-Berlin Axis was proclaimed by Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini following a visit to Berlin by Italian Foreign Secretary Ciano.

1950 - President Harry S. Truman was the target of an unsuccessful assassination attempt by two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist movement.

1963 - South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu were killed in a military coup.

1993 - The European Union came into existence as a result of the Maastricht Treaty.

Monday, October 29, 2012

30 October History and Importance of the Day


1502 - Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut, India for the second time.

1534 - English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the English church - a role formerly held by the Pope

1905 - "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties
1957 - Soviet Union launches Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika
1979 - Richard Arrington, Jr. is elected the first African American mayor in Birmingham, Alabama



Birthdays

1960 - Diego Maradona, Buenos Aires, soccer player

October - Day in History of India


Knowledge History 30 October


http://www.historyorb.com/day/october/30


History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Thursday, October 25, 2012

26 October History and Importance of the Day





1492 - Lead pencils 1st used


1858 - The rotary motion-washing machine was patented by Hamilton E. Smith of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1950 - Mother Teresa founds Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India

1951 - Winston Churchill re-elected British PM

1982 - US budget deficit reaches more than $110 trillion for fiscal year 1982




26 October - Day in History of India

Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management - 26 October



History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

25 October History and Importance of the Day




625 - Boniface V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1131 - Crowning of Louis VII the Young, King of France
1147 - Battle at Doryleum: Arabs beat Koenraad III's crusaders

1147 - Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.
1241 - Goffredo Castiglioni elected as Pope Coelestinus IV

1492 - Columbus' fleet sites "Zandislands" (Ragged Island Range, Bahamas)
1492 - Christopher Columbus' ship Santa Maria lands at Dominican Republic

1747 - British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.
1760 - George III ascends British throne
1760 - George III becomes King of Great Britain.

1854 - Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaklava, Crimean War), 409 die

1861 - Telegraph message sent from St Louis to SF

1870 - Postcards 1st used in US

1893 - Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland:
http://rhodesianheritage.blogspot.in/2012/03/shangani-fight.html

1906 - US inventor Lee de Forest patents "Audion," a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio & broadcasting



1940 - Benjamin O Davis Dr became 1st Black general in US Army


1944 - Battle at Cape Engano:

1945 - Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek


25 October - Day in History of India


25 October Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

24 October History and Importance of the Day


United Nations Day
World Development Information Day

1596 - Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
1648 - Treaty of Westphalia ends 30 year war & Holy Roman Empire
1648 - Switzerland's independence recognized
1648 - The Peace of Westphalia is signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years' War.

1795 - 3rd partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia & Russia
1812 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.

1851 - William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus


October - Day in History of India
 October - Knowledge History

History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

23 October History and Importance of the Day



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4004 BC - Creation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher
42 BC - Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.
425 - Valentinian III is elevated as Roman Emperor, at the age of 6.

1086 - Battle of az-Zallaqah: Army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI
1157 - The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
1520 - King Carlos I crowned, German emperor Charles V
1739 - War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
1814 - 1st plastic surgery is performed (England)
1824 - 1st steam locomotive is introduced


1915 - 25,000 women march in NYC, demanding right to vote
1927 - Town of Netanya Israel founded by Nathan Strauss
1942 - 1st ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
1942 - During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
1942 - German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad
1944 - Gulf of Leyte battle begin

USA vs Japan

1944 - Soviet army invades Hungary
1945 - Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract
1947 - Husband & wife Dr Carl Cori & Dr Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes

1953 - France grants Laos' sovereignty
1953 - German Federal Republic applies to NATO
1953 - WTRF TV channel 7 in Wheeling-Steubenville, WV (CBS) 1st broadcast
1954 - Britain, England, France & USSR agree to end occupation of Germany
1954 - German Federal Republic joins NATO
1954 - Pakistan governor-general Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
1956 - 1st video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast
1959 - Chinese troops move into India, 17 die
1975 - Battle between Cuba & South Africa troops in Angola
1980 - Soviet PM Nikolai Tichonov succeeds Alexei Kosygin, due to illness
1981 - US national debt hits $1 trillion
1989 - Hungary proclaims itself a republic & declares communist rule ended
1997 - Dow Jones drops 186.88 pts
1998 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a "land for peace" agreement.

http://www.historyorb.com/day/october/23
http://www.on-this-day.com/onthisday/thedays/alldays/oct23.htm


October - Day in History of India

Science, Engineering, Management - Knowledge History
http://nraombakc.blogspot.com/2012/10/23-october-knowledge-history-science.html

History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Saturday, July 14, 2012

3 September - History and Importance of the Day




1783 Treaty of Peace signed ending American Revolution
1833 The New York Sun newspaper first appeared
1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany.
1943 Italy signed an armistice with the Allies during World War II in Europe.

6 September - History and Importance of the Day





1620 Mayflower set sail for America.
1914 First Battle of Marne begins.

1919 Leningrad was renamed Saint Petersburg by Russian legislators following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

7 September - History and Importance of the Day


1533 Queen Elizabeth I born.

1822 Brazil declared its independence from Portugal after 322 years as a colony.

1940 The German Luftwaffe began its Blitz bombing campaign against London during World War II.

8 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Literacy Day



1157 Richard the Lion-Hearted born.

1883 The Northern Pacific Railroad across the U.S. was completed.

1941  The German Army began its blockade of Leningrad

10 September - History and Importance of the Day



World Suicide Prevention Day


1898 Elizabeth, Empress of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated in Geneva

1919 Treaty of St. Germain signed.

1943 Hitler's troops occupied Rome and took over the protection of Vatican City.

12 September - History and Importance of the Day


International Day of South-South cooperation

490 B.C. Battle of Marathon.
1683 John Sobieski, King of Poland, defeats Turks at Vienna.
1953 Nikita Khrushchev was elected First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR.

13 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Chocolate Day



1759 Battle of Quebec began


1788 The U.S. Congress chose New York as the Federal capital of the new American government.

1814  The Battle of Fort Henry in Baltimore Harbor occurred

14 September - History and Importance of the Day



1812 Napoleon and his troops first entered Moscow.

1917  Russia proclaimed a Republic.

1960  The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was formed by representatives of oil-producing countries meeting in Baghdad.

1982  Princess Grace of Monaco died following an accident in which her car plunged off a mountain road in Monte Carlo. 

15 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Day of Democracy
World Software Freedom Day


1890 British mystery author Agatha Christie (1890-1976) was born. She wrote nearly a hundred books.

1940 The height of the Battle of Britain occurred as massive German air raids took place against London, Southampton, Bristol, Cardiff, Liverpool and Manchester.

16 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Day for the Preservation of Ozone Layer



1638 Louis XIV of France born.
1810 Mexican revolt against Spanish began.


1787 - At the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, delegates from twelve states voted unanimously to approve the proposed U.S. Constitution.

1862 General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate armies were stopped at Antietam in Maryland by General George B. McClellan. By nightfall 26,000 men were dead, wounded, or missing.

1908 - The first fatality involving powered flight occurred. A biplane piloted by Orville Wright fell from a height of 75 feet, and Lt. Thomas E. Selfridge died. Wright had serious injuries.

17 September - History and Importance of the Day



1631 Battle of Leipzig

1939 - Soviet Russians invaded Eastern Poland, meeting little resistance and taking over 200,000 Poles prisoner. This was done in accordance with the Nazi-Soviet Pact.  

18 September - History and Importance of the Day



1709  Dr. Samuel Johnson born.

1810  Chile declared its independence from Spain after 269 years as a colony.

1947 - The U.S. Air Force was established as a separate military service.


Birthdays

1709 - Dr. Samuel Johnson
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/johnson_samuel.shtml

Birthday - Movie actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990) 

19 September - History and Importance of the Day



1356  Battle of Poitiers.


1994 U.S. troops invaded Haiti to restore democracy.

1911 British author William Golding (1911-1993) was born. He is best known for Lord of the Flies and  received  Nobel Prize for literature in 1983.

20 September - History and Importance of the Day



1873  The New York Stock Exchange was closed for the first time in its history as a result of a banking crisis that happened due to the financial Panic of 1873.

1989 F.W. De Klerk was sworn in as president of South Africa and began reforms aimed at ending apartheid and was succeeded by Nelson Mandela.

21 September - History and Importance of the Day



International Day of Peace

World Gratitude Day

1949 Federal Republic of Germany formally begins.

1949  The People's Republic of China was proclaimed by its Communist leaders. Mao Zedong

22 September - History and Importance of the Day


World Car-free Day


1862 - Otto von Bismarck became premier of Prussia. He forged a loose confederation of German states into a powerful nation, with Wilhelm I becoming Kaiser of the new German Empire.

1862 - President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves in territories held by Confederates as of January 1, 1863.


British scientist Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was born. His discovery of electromagnetic induction  resulted in the development of electric generators.

23 September - History and Importance of the Day



Autumn (Sept. 23-Dec. 21) begins in the Northern Hemisphere with the autumnal equinox, at 1:37 a.m. EDT. In the Southern Hemisphere today is the beginning of spring.




63 B.c. Augustus Caesar born.

1991 - Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.

24 September - History and Importance of the Day



Horace Walpole born, 1717.

1980 - War erupted between Iran and Iraq as Iraqi troops crossed the border and encircled Abadan, then set fire to the world's largest oil refinery.


Birthday - American writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)

25 September - History and Importance of the Day




1513 - Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa first sighted the Pacific Ocean after crossing the Isthmus of Panama.

1690 - The first American newspaper was published. A single edition of Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick appeared in Boston, Massachusetts.

1789 - The first U.S. Congress proposed 12 Amendments to the Constitution, ten of which, comprising the Bill of Rights, were ratified.

Birthday - American writer William Faulkner (1897-1962) was born in New Albany, Mississippi. Author of The Sound and the Fury and The Rivers.

29 September - History and Importance of the Day



World Heart Day
Inventors' Day

Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto born, 1518.
Lord Nelson born, 1758.

1789 - Congress created the United States Army, consisting of 1,000 enlisted men and officers.
Otto von Bismarck delivers "Blood and Iron" speech, 1862.
Nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) was born in Rome.



History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

30 September - History and Importance of the Day




Deposition of Richard II of England, 1399.
Munich Agreement signed, 1938.

1949 - The Berlin Airlift concluded after 277,264 flights carrying over 2 million tons of supplies to the people of West Berlin, who were blockaded by the Soviets.



History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Monday, July 2, 2012

1 August - History and Importance of the Day

3 August - History and Importance of the Day




1492 - Christopher Columbus set sail from Palos, Spain, with three ships, Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria. Seeking a westerly route to the Far East, he  landed on October 12th in the Bahamas,


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London 2012 Olympics Day 8

http://nraombakc.blogspot.com/2012/07/3-august-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/august/3

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_3


4 August - History and Importance of the Day


1962 - Apartheid opponent Nelson Mandela was arrested by security police in South Africa. He was then tried and sentenced to five years in prison.

Birthday - 1961 -  Barack Obama the 44th U.S. President was born in Honolulu, Hawaii,


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London 2012 Olympics Day 9

http://nraombakc.blogspot.com/2012/07/4-august-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/august/4

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_4


5 August - History and Importance of the Day



1861 - President Abraham Lincoln signed into law the first Federal income tax, a 3 percent tax on incomes over $800, as an emergency wartime measure during the Civil War. However, the tax was never actually put into effect.



 2011 - Standard & Poor’s credit rating agency downgraded the United States debt from its highest rating of AAA to a lesser AA+ rating, marking the first-ever decline of credit worthiness for the U.S.

_________

_________

London 2012 Olympics Day 10

http://nraombakc.blogspot.com/2012/07/5-august-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/august/5

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/August_5

10 August - History and Importance of the Day


International Biodiesel Day


Birthday - Herbert Hoover (1874-1964) the 31st U.S. President

____________

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11 August - History and Importance of the Day



_________

_________

12 August - History and Importance of the Day


International Youth Day


 1676 - King Philip's War ended with the assassination of Metacom, leader of the Pokanokets, a tribe within the Wampanoag Indian Federation. Nicknamed 'King Philip' by colonists, he led a Native American uprising against white settlers which went on  for nearly two years.

Birthday - Film pioneer Cecil B. DeMille (1881-1959).  He produced over 70 major films including Cleopatra, The Ten Commandments, and The Greatest Show on Earth.

__________

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13 August - History and Importance of the Day


International Lefthanders Day


1961 - The Berlin Wall came into existence after the East German government closed the border between east and west sectors of Berlin with barbed wire to discourage emigration to the West.

Birthday - British film director Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980).  His suspenseful films included classics such as The 39 Steps, Rebecca, Suspicion, Notorious, Rear Window, The Birds, Psycho and Frenzy, in addition to his American TV series Alfred Hitchcock Presents.

Birthday - Cuban President Fidel Castro.  He led a rebellion in 1959 that drove out Dictator Fulgencio Batista.


___________

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14 August - History and Importance of the Day


World Lizard Day
Pakistan Independence Day


1935 - President Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act establishing the system which guarantees pensions to those who retire at age 65. The Social Security system also aids states in providing financial aid to dependent children, the blind and others, as well as administering a system of unemployment insurance.

August 14, 1941 - After three days of secret meetings aboard warships off the coast of Newfoundland, the Atlantic Charter was issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Charter  set forth eight goals for the nations of the world, including; the renunciation of all aggression, right to self-government, access to raw materials, freedom from want and fear, freedom of the seas, and disarmament of aggressor nations. By September, fifteen anti-Axis nations signed the Charter.

August 14, 1945 - Delegates of Emperor Hirohito accepted Allied surrender terms originally issued at Potsdam on July 26, 1945, with the exception that the Japanese Emperor's sovereignty would be maintained. Japanese Emperor Hirohito, who had never spoken on radio, then recorded an announcement admitting Japan's agreement of peace.  The announcement was broadcast via radio to the Japanese people at noon the next day.
August 14, 1945 - V-J Day, commemorating President Truman's announcement that Japan had surrendered to the Allies.

___________

___________

15 August - History and Importance of the Day



India Independence Day


Birthday - French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was born on the island of Corsica. Originally an officer in King Louis' Army, he rose to become Emperor amid the political chaos that followed the French Revolution.
_________________

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Nehru's Speech
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British News Item
__________________

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15 August 1948

Republic of South Korea was established
The importance of 15 August in Korea's History
__________________

__________________

17 August - History and Importance of the Day



1943 - During World War II in Europe, the Allies completed the conquest of the island of Sicily after just 38 days. This gave the Allies control of the Mediterranean and also led to the downfall of Benito Mussolini

1978 - The first transatlantic balloon trip was completed by three Americans; Max Anderson, Ben Abruzzo, and Larry Newman, all from Albuquerque, New Mexico. Starting from Maine on August 11th, they traveled in Double Eagle II over 3,000 miles in 137 hours, landing about 60 miles west of Paris.



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20 August - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901) the 23rd U.S. President

______________
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24 August - History and Importance of the Day



79 A.D. - Vesuvius, an active volcano in southern Italy, erupted and destroyed the cities of Pompeii, Stabiae and Herculaneum.

1572 - Thousands of Protestant Huguenots were massacred in Paris and throughout France by Catholics, in what became known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.

1814 - During the War of 1812, Washington, D.C., was invaded by British forces that burned the Capitol, the White House and most other public buildings along with a number of private homes.


______________

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26 August - History and Importance of the Day



1883 - One of the most catastrophic volcanic eruptions in recorded history occurred on the Indonesian island of Krakatoa. Explosions were heard 2,000 miles away. Tidal waves 120 ft. high killed 36,000 persons on nearby islands, while five cubic miles of earth were blasted into the air up to a height of 50 miles.


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2 July - History and Importance of the Day





Important Historical Events 2 July


1776 - The Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the following resolution, originally introduced on June 7, by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia: "Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved. That it is expedient forthwith to take the most effectual measures for forming foreign Alliances. That a plan of confederation be prepared and transmitted to the respective Colonies for their consideration and approbation."

July 2, 1788 - Congress announced the United States Constitution had been ratified by the required nine states and that a committee had been appointed to make preparations for the new American government.

July 2, 1881 - President James A. Garfield was shot and mortally wounded as he entered a railway station in Washington, D.C. He died on September 19th.

1964 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race in public accommodations, publicly owned or operated facilities, employment and union membership and in voter registration. The Act allowed for cutoff of Federal funds in places where discrimination remained.

________________

________________


Web pages for Historical Events 2 July

http://www.infoplease.com/dayinhistory/July-2

Knowledge History of the Day

2 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

1566
French astrologer, physician, and prophet Nostradamus died.

Nostradamus - The Man Who Saw Tomorrow
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3 July - History and Importance of the Day



1775 - During the American Revolution, George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.

July 3, 1976 - The raid on Entebbe airport in Uganda occurred as an Israeli commando unit rescued 103 hostages on a hijacked Air France airliner.

History Events - Video
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Union forces won the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War.


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3 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

5 July - History and Importance of the Day


1775- The Continental Congress adopted the Olive Branch Petition expressing hope for a reconciliation with Britain. However, King George III refused even to look at the petition and instead issued a proclamation declaring the colonists to be in a state of open rebellion.

Birthday - Promoter and showman P.T. Barnum (1810-1891) was born in Bethel, Connecticut. His American Museum opened in 1842, exhibiting unusual acts such as the Feejee Mermaid, Siamese Twins Chang and Eng, and General Tom Thumb. In 1871, Barnum opened "The Greatest Show on Earth" in Brooklyn, New York. He later merged with rival J.A. Bailey to form the Barnum and Bailey Circus.

Birthday - Cecil J. Rhodes (1853-1902) was born at Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England. As a South African millionaire and politician, he was said to have once controlled 90 percent of the world's diamond production. His will established the Rhodes Scholarships at Oxford University for young scholars aged 18-25. Rhodesia was also named for him.
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http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/5


5 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

6 July - History and Importance of the Day


1885 - Louis Pasteur gave the first successful anti-rabies inoculation to a boy who had been bitten by an infected dog.


Birthdays

1903 Axell Theorell - Nobel Prize Winner
1921 Nancy Davis Reagan
1946 George Bush Jr.
1946 Sylvester Stallone

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9 July - History and Importance of the Day




 1868 - The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The Amendment defined U.S. citizenship and prohibited individual States from abridging the rights of any American citizen without due process and equal protection under the law. The Amendment also barred individuals involved in rebellion against the U.S. from holding public office.

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9 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

Saturday, June 30, 2012

10 July - History and Importance of the Day



The Battle of Britain began 10 July 1940   http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-battle-of-britain-begins

1943 - The Allied invasion of Italy began with an attack on the island of Sicily.

July 10, 1973 - The Bahamas gained their independence after 250 years as a British Crown Colony.

July 10, 1991 - Boris Yeltsin took the oath of office, becoming the first popularly elected president in Russia's thousand-year history.

Birthday - Theologian and founder of Presbyterianism, John Calvin (1509-1564) was born in Noyon, France.

Tennis player Arthur Ashe (1943-1993) was born in Richmond, Virginia. He won a total of 33 titles including the U.S. men's singles championship and U.S. Open in 1968 and the men's singles at Wimbledon in 1975.



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10 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management


http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/10

Bahamas National Day

11 July - History and Importance of the Day


World Population Day
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World Population Day

11 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management


1811 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.

1892  According to US Patent Office,  J W Swan, rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp


Birthday - John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) the 6th U.S. President, and son of the 2nd President, John Adams.  After serving just one term as President, he served 17 years as a member of Congress.  He was the the first president whose father had also been president.


http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/11



http://www.historyplace.com/specials/calendar/july.htm

12 July - History and Importance of the Day



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1928 1st televised tennis match
1933 US Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
1979 Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK

Birthday - American philosopher Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/12

12 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

13 July - History and Importance of the Day

14 July - History and Importance of the Day


1789 - The fall of the Bastille occurred at the beginning of the French Revolution.

July 14, 1791 - In England, the Birmingham riot occurred on the second anniversary of the fall of the Bastille. Mob rule lasted for three days, targeting controversial scientist and theologian Joseph Priestly's home and laboratory as well as the homes of his friends. Priestly, who had expressed support for the American and French revolutions, fled to London with his family and later moved to America.



Birthday - Gerald R. Ford, the 38th U.S. President.  In 1973, he was appointed vice president following the resignation of Spiro T. Agnew. He became president on August 9, 1974, following the resignation of Richard M. Nixon. He was the first non-elected vice president and non-elected president of the U.S.


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Bastille Day - France National Day 


14 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/14

15 July - History and Importance of the Day



1918 - During the Battle of the Marne in World War I, German General Erich Ludendorff launched Germany's fifth, and last, offensive to break through the Chateau-Thierry salient. However, the Germans were stopped by American, British and Italian divisions. On July 18, General Foch, Commander-in-Chief of the Allied troops, launched a massive counter-offensive. The Germans began a retreat lasting four months until they requested an armistice in November.

Birthday - The first American saint, Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917) was born in Lombardy, Italy. She was the founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and established Catholic schools, orphanages, convents and hospitals. She was canonized, July 7, 1946, by Pope Pius XII.


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Brunei Royal Birthday

15 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/15

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/todayinamericanhistory/p/th_0715x.htm

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-announces-visit-to-communist-china

16 July - History and Importance of the Day


16 July History Events Video
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1945 First Atom bomb detonated by USA
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--U-S--Detonates-World-s-First-Atomic-Bomb.html

1969 Apollo 11 launched successfully.


Birthday - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (1872-1928) was born near Oslo. He was the first to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean via the Northwest Passage. He discovered the South Pole in 1911 and flew over the North Pole in a dirigible in 1926.

16 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/atom-bomb-successfully-tested


http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/16

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/todayinamericanhistory/p/th_0716x.htm

17 July - History and Importance of the Day



1918 - In the Russian town of Ekaterinburg in Siberia, former Czar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and their five children were murdered by Bolsheviks.

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17 July Constitution Day of South Korea

Iraq National Day


First air conditioning machine was installed on this day. 17 July 1902
17 July Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

http://americanhistory.about.com/od/todayinamericanhistory/p/th_0717x.htm

http://www.historyorb.com/day/july/17

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/disneyland-opens

19 July - History and Importance of the Day



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http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/19-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/19

1996 - XXVI Olympic games opening ceremony in Atlanta Georgia

Opening Ceremony YouTube video

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAFhNobJABU
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kp-1zF0E8PQ
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20 July - History and Importance of the Day




Anniversary of Man’s Landing on the moon

1969 - A global audience watched on television as Apollo 11 Astronaut Neil Armstrong took his first step onto the moon. As he stepped onto the moon's surface he proclaimed, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind" - inadvertently omitting an "a" before "man" and slightly changing the meaning.

Birthday - Explorer Edmund Hillary was born in Auckland, New Zealand, July 20, 1919. In 1953, he became first to ascend Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world at 29,023 ft.



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Colombia - National Day - Independence Day - 20 July

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/20

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/20-july-knowledge-history-science.html

21 July - History and Importance of the Day

1898 - Guam was ceded to the United States by Spain.

Birthday - Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961).  His works included; The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940) and The Old Man and the Sea (1952). Awarded the Nobel Prize in 1954

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Belgium National Day 

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/21

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/21-july-knowledge-history-science.html


Business events

2002 - Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. It is  the largest such filing in United States history.

22 July - History and Importance of the Day




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http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/22-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/22

1775 - George Washington takes command of US troops

23 July - History and Importance of the Day


1952 - Egyptian army officers launched a revolution changing Egypt from a monarchy to a republic.

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National Day of Egypt - 1952 Revolution Day

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/23-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/23

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_23

23 July Business History - 1903 Ford sold its first car Model A

24 July - History and Importance of the Day


 1943 - During World War II in Europe, the Royal Air Force conducted Operation Gomorrah, raiding Hamburg.  The air plans tossed bales of aluminum foil strips overboard to cause German radar screens to see a blizzard of false echoes. As a result, only twelve of 791 Allied bombers involved were shot down.

July 24, 1945 - At the conclusion of the Potsdam Conference in Germany, Winston Churchill, Harry Truman and China's representatives issued a demand for unconditional Japanese surrender. The Japanese  rejected the Potsdam Declaration on July 26.

Birthdays

"The Liberator" Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) was born in Caracas, Venezuela. He is known as the George Washington of South America for his efforts to liberate six nations: Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia from the rule of Spain.

French playwright and novelist Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870).  His works included The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers.

American pilot Amelia Earhart (1898-1937).  She became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic and to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
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http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/24

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/24-july-knowledge-history-science.html

Birthday

1897 Amelia Earhart, Pilot http://www.biography.com/people/amelia-earhart-9283280

25 July - History and Importance of the Day



1898 - During the Spanish-American War, the U.S. invaded Puerto Rico, which was then a Spanish colony. In 1917, Puerto Ricans became American citizens and Puerto Rico became an unincorporated territory of the U.S. Partial self-government was granted in 1947 allowing citizens to elect their own governor. In 1951, Puerto Ricans wrote their own constitution and elected a non-voting commissioner to represent them in Washington.

1909 - The world's first international overseas airplane flight was achieved by Louis Bleriot in a small monoplane. He took off from France and landed in England near Dover.

1943 - Mussolini was deposed just two weeks after the Allied attack on Sicily.

1956 - The Italian luxury liner Andrea Doria sank after colliding with the Swedish liner Stockholm on its way to New York. Nearby ships came to the rescue, saving 1,634 people.


1978
Birth day of First Test tube baby, Leslie Brown
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1228.html#article

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25 July 2012 - Football matches begin today at London 2012 Olympics
http://nrao-games-sports.blogspot.com/2012/07/25-july-2012-london-olympics-2012-news.html

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/25

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/25-july-knowledge-history-science.html

26 July - History and Importance of the Day


July 26, 1953 - The beginning of Fidel Castro's revolutionary "26th of July Movement." In 1959, Castro led the rebellion that drove out dictator Fulgencio Batista.

Birthday - Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950).


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http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/26

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/26-july-knowledge-history-science.html

27 July - History and Importance of the Day


Historical Events on 27 July

 1953 - The Korean War ended with the signing of an armistice by U.S. and North Korean delegates at Panmunjom, Korea. The war went on  for over three years.


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London 2012 Olympics Opening Day


http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/27

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/27-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_27


31 July - History and Importance of the Day



1790 - The U.S. Patent Office was opened.  The first U.S. patent was issued to Samuel Hopkins of Vermont for a new method of making pearlash and potash. The patent was signed by George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.

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London 2012 Olympics Day 5

http://www.historyorb.com/events/july/31

http://nraombakc.blogspot.in/2012/06/31-july-knowledge-history-science.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_31

3 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - Confederate president Jefferson Davis (1808-1889)

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

7 June - History and Importance of the Day





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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

8 June - History and Importance of the Day

World Oceans Day

2011
World IPv6 Day - IPv6 system or protocol was tested with Google etc. as partners

Birthday - American architect Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959)

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

9 June - History and Importance of the Day




1898 - The British signed a 99-year lease for Hong Kong, located on the southeastern coast of China. Hong Kong, consisting of an area measuring 400 square miles, was administered as a British Crown Colony until July 1, 1997, when its sovereignty reverted to the People's Republic of China.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

10 June - History and Importance of the Day




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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

11 June - History and Importance of the Day




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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

12 June - History and Importance of the Day


World Day against Child Labor

1898 - The Philippines declared their independence from Spain. The islands were named after King Philip II. Once freed from Spain, the islands were then invaded and occupied by U.S. forces. They became an American colony and remained so until after World War II.

Birthday - George Bush, the 41st U.S. President

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

13 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - Nobel Prize-winning Irish poet and dramatist William Butler Yeats (1865-1939) was born in Dublin, Ireland. Among his plays; The Countess Cathleen (1892) and Cathleen ni Houlihan (1902).

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

14 June - History and Importance of the Day


World Blood Donor Day




1775 - The first U.S. Military service, the Continental Army consisting of six companies of riflemen, was established by the Second Continental Congress. The next day, George Washington was appointed by a unanimous vote to command the army.

1777 - John Adams introduced a resolution before Congress mandating a United States flag, stating, "...that the flag of the thirteen United States shall be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white on a blue field, representing a new constellation." This anniversary is celebrated each year in the U.S. as Flag Day.

1922 - Warren G. Harding became the first U.S. President to broadcast a message over the radio. The event was the dedication of the Francis Scott Key Memorial in Baltimore.

1951 - Univac 1, the world's first commercial electronic computer was unveiled in Philadelphia. It was installed at the Census Bureau and utilized a magnetic tape unit as a buffer memory.
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14 June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

16 June - History and Importance of the Day


1963 - Valentina Tereshkova, 26, became the first woman in space

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

17 June - History and Importance of the Day



World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

18 June - History and Importance of the Day


1812 - After much debate, the U.S. Senate voted 19 to 13 in favor of a declaration of war against Great Britain, prompted by Britain's violation of America's rights on the high seas and British incitement of Indian warfare on the Western frontier. The next day, President James Madison officially proclaimed the U.S. to be in a state of war. The War of 1812 lasted over two years and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent in Belgium on December 24, 1814.

June 18, 1815 - On the fields near Waterloo in central Belgium, 72,000 French troops, led by Napoleon, suffered a crushing military defeat from a combined Allied army of 113,000 British, Dutch, Belgian, and Prussian troops.

June 18, 1983 - Dr. Sally Ride, a 32-year-old physicist and pilot, became the first American woman in space, beginning a six-day mission aboard the space shuttle Challenger, launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.



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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

19 June - History and Importance of the Day


2013 Father's Day (3rd Sunday of June)


1953 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed by electrocution at Sing Sing Prison in New York. They had been found guilty of providing vital information on the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union during 1944-45. They were the first U.S. civilians to be sentenced to death for espionage


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19 June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

20 June - History and Importance of the Day



World Refugee Day


1782 - The U.S. Congress officially adopted the Great Seal of the United States of America.
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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

21 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980).  Dubbed the "father of existentialism," in 1964, he rejected the Nobel Prize for Literature when it was awarded to him.
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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

22 June - History and Importance of the Day


1941 - Starting at 3:15 am, some 3.2 million German soldiers plunged headlong into Russia across an 1800-mile front in World War II.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

23 June - History and Importance of the Day


International Widows Day
United Nations Public Services Day


1865 - The last formal surrender of Confederate troops occurred as Cherokee leader and Confederate Brigadier General Watie surrendered his battalion comprised of American Indians in the Oklahoma Territory.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

24 June - History and Importance of the Day


1948 - Soviet Russia began a blockade of Berlin. Two days later the Allies responded with an emergency airlift to relieve two million isolated West Berliners.

2010 - Labor Party deputy Julia Gillard became Australia's first female Prime Minister.

Birthday - Boxing champ Jack Dempsey (1895-1983).  Dubbed "The Manassa Mauler," he reigned as world heavyweight champion from 1919 to 1926.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

25 June - History and Importance of the Day


Day of the Seafarer



1862 - During the American Civil War, the Seven Days Campaign began as Confederate General Robert E. Lee launched a series of assaults to prevent a Union attack on Richmond, Virginia.

 1950 - The Korean War began as North Korean troops, led by Russian-built tanks, crossed the 38th parallel and launched a full scale invasion of South Korea. Five days later, U.S. ground forces entered the conflict, which lasted until July 27, 1953, when an armistice was signed at Panmunjom, formally dividing the country at the 38th parallel into North and South Korea.

1991 - Following the collapse of Soviet rule in Eastern Europe, the republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared their independence from Yugoslavia.

Birthday - British satirist George Orwell (1903-1950) was born at Montihari in Bengal (as Eric Arthur Blair). He is best known for two works of fiction Animal Farm (1944), and 1984 (1949).
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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

27 June - History and Importance of the Day




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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

29 June - History and Importance of the Day


Birthday - American surgeon William Mayo (1861-1939).  He was one of the Mayo brothers, pioneers of the concept of the group clinic, bringing together specialists from a number of medical fields to better perform diagnoses and treatment. The Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, became an internationally known medical center.

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June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

Saturday, January 7, 2012

This Day in History - 2 October - History and Importance of the Day


Birth Day of Mahatma Gandhi, International Day of Nonviolence



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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OIL6LKpv2G0
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International Day of Non-Violence, 2 October

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World Farm Animals Day

1935 - Mussolini's Italian troops invaded Abyssinia, beginning an occupation lasting until 1941.

1968 - California's Redwood National Park was established. Redwoods are the tallest of all trees, growing up to 400 feet (120 meters) during a lifetime that can span 2,000 years.

1975 - Japanese Emperor Hirohito made his first visit to the White House.


History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year