Saturday, December 27, 2014

27 December History and Importance of the Day

North Korea - Constitution Day - Enactment of new constitution in 1972

1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world.
1927 - Stalin's faction won All-Union Congress in USSR, Trotsky expelled
1934 - Shah of Persia declared Persia as Iran
1942 - The Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia was founded.
1945 - International Monetary Fund and World Bank founded
1972 - New North Korean constitution came into effect
1976 - Albania constitution came effect
1979 – The Soviet Union invades the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
2007 – Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated in a shooting incident.


Marlene Dietrich - Hollywood actor



New York Times Selections 27 December

27 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

27 December - History of India

BBC News - 27 December

Wednesday, December 24, 2014

24 December History and Importance of The Day

Christmas Eve

1851 – Library of Congress burns.
1924 – Albania becomes a republic.
1946 - 4th French republic established
1951 – Libya becomes independent from Italy. Idris I is proclaimed King of Libya.
1954 - Laos gains its independence
1968 – The crew of Apollo 8 enters into orbit around the Moon, becoming the first humans to do so. They performed 10 lunar orbits and broadcast live TV pictures that became the famous Christmas Eve Broadcast.
1999 – Indian Airlines Flight 814 hijacked in Indian airspace between Kathmandu, Nepal, and Delhi, India; The aircraft was taken to Kandahar, Afghanistan. On December 31, Indian Government handed over some terrorists and got the release of 190 survivors (1 passenger killed).


1904 – Joseph M. Juran, Romanian-American engineer and Quality Management Guru (d. 2008)
1923 – George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
1986 – Riyo Mori, Japanese model, Miss Universe 2007



24 December - History of India

24 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

24 December - Russian History

BBC News - 24 Dec

Monday, December 15, 2014

28 May - History and Importance of The Day

Azerbaijan National Day

Ethiopia National Day

1156 - Battle at Brindisi: King Willem of Sicily beats Byzantine fleet
1521 - Pope Leo X signs treaty with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
1674 - German Parliament declares war on France

1901 - Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
1918 - Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic
1919 - Armenia declares it's Independence
1936 - Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
1961 - Amnesty International was founded by London lawyer Peter Berenson. He read about the arrest of a group of students in Portugal then launched a one-year campaign to free them called Appeal for Amnesty. Today Amnesty International has  members in 150 countries working to free prisoners of conscience, stop torture and the death penalty, and guarantee human rights for women.
1962 - US stock market drops $20.8 B in 1 day
1998 - Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.

2002 - NATO declares Russia a limited partner in the Western alliance.
2004 - The Iraqi Governing Council chooses Ayad Allawi, a longtime anti-Saddam Hussein exile, to become prime minister of Iraq's interim government.
2007 - China's CSI 300 Stock Market Index rose above 4000 mark for the first time. It touched the peak of 4090.57. The CSI 300 was valued at 46 times earnings, maing it the most expensive market in the Asia-Pacific Region.
2008 - The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declares Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.

William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806). He became British prime minister at age 24 and served from 1783 to 1801 and again from 1804 to 1806.

All-around athlete Jim Thorpe (1888-1953) was born near Prague, Oklahoma. He won the pentathlon and decathlon events at the 1912 Olympic Games. .

28 May Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

Sunday, December 7, 2014

7 December History and Importance of the Day

International Civil Aviation Day

1783 - William Pitt Jr (24) becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister

1877 - Thomas A Edison demonstrated the gramophone

1900 - Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, near Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission.

1917 - US declared war on Austria during World War I
1926 - Gas refrigerator patented
1941 - Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor

 - Wall Street Journal's Report on the Pearl Harbor Attack



Knowledge History - Science, Engineering, and Management - 7 December

History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Monday, December 1, 2014

2 December - History and Importance of the Day

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
UAE National Day

1409 - The University of Leipzig opened
1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned emperor of France in Paris

1812 - James Madison was re-elected president of USA

1840 - William H Harrison elected 9th President of USA

1852 - Louis Napoleon became emperor

1908 - Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne as emperor at the age of two
          Pu Yi was made a gardener by the communist regime.

1957 - In USA, first large scale nuclear power plant opened - Shippingport Pen

1961 - Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist, & will lead Cuba to Communism
1970 - Environmental Protection Agency begins (Dir: William Ruckelshaus)
1971 - Soviet Mars 3 is 1st to soft land on Mars

1971 - UAE National Day - Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah & Umm ak Qiwain form United Arab Emirates

1976 - Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado.
1982 - 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (University of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with Jarvic-7 heart
1990 - 1st time 12 people in space

History events - YouTube Video


Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management - 2 December

Technology History


Cricket history


2012 News

A small portion of a tunnel in Japan collapsed. 100 metre long section of Sasago tunnel,  on the Chugo Express Highway close to Tokyo caved in and concrete slabs fell on cars. Some car caught fire and smoke filled the tunnel. Rescue works are going on
Watch a video in

History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

Monday, November 24, 2014

7 February - History and Importance of the Day

1497 – The bonfire of the vanities occurs in which supporters of Girolamo Savonarola burn thousands of objects like cosmetics, art, and books in Florence, Italy.
1904 – A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
1974 – Grenada gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1979 – Pluto moves inside Neptune's orbit for the first time since either was discovered.
1992 – The Maastricht Treaty is signed, leading to the creation of the European Union.
1995 – Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.



7 February Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

3 February - History and Importance of the Day

1637 – Tulip mania collapses in the United Provinces (now the Netherlands) as sellers could no longer find buyers for their bulb contracts.

1870 – The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing voting rights to citizens regardless of race.

1913 – The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax.

1966 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.

1995 – Astronaut Eileen Collins becomes the first woman to pilot the Space Shuttle as mission STS-63 gets underway from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.



3 February Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

3 February - Day in History of India 

Updated   3 Feb 2016,  24 Nov 2014

2 February - History and Importance of the Day

World Wetlands Day

1207 – Terra Mariana, comprising present-day Estonia and Latvia, was established.
1653 – New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated.
1709 – Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.
1922 – Ulysses by James Joyce is published.
2004 – Swiss tennis player Roger Federer became the No. 1 ranked men's singles player and he held the position  for a record 237 weeks.



2 February Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

Sunday, November 23, 2014

8 January - History and Importance of the Day

1297 - Monaco gains independence.
1675 - 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
1790 - 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address
1835 - The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.
1884 - Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz

1918 - Woodrow Wilson Speech to American Congress on 14 points as the War aims of USA in World War I, which will end the war and bring equitable peace in the world.

1926 - Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa'ud becomes king of Hejaz; renames it Saudi Arabia
1935 - Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy

8 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

22 - January - History and Importance of the Day

1517 – The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya.
1849 – Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender.

1901 - Queen Victoria of England died after reigning for nearly 64 years.
           Edward VII  became King.

1905 - A big march in Russia. 500 people killed starting months of unrest- 1905 revolution.

1924 - Ramsay MacDonald became Britain's first Labour Prime Minister.

1970 – The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.

1997 - The U.S. Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the first female secretary of state of USA.

2006 – Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.

All Global Stories


1561 Sir Francis Bacon
1788 Lord George Byron

1908 – Lev Landau, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
1909 – U Thant, Burmese diplomat, 3rd United Nations Secretary General (d. 1974)
1936 – Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate

English Films History of the Day

21 - January - History and Importance of the Day

World Hug Day

2013 Martin Luther King Jr. Day in US. 3rd Monday of the month
763 – The Battle of Bakhamra between Alids and Abbasids near Kufa ends in a decisive Abbasid victory.

1077 - German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness

1525 – The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is founded when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.

1774 – Abdul Hamid I became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam.

1793 King Louis XVI of France was executed on the Guillotine

1846 - The first issue of the "Daily News," edited by Charles Dickens, was published.

1899 – Opel manufactures its first automobile. (When did Henry Ford made the first automobile?)

1924 - Lenin died - Lenin was the first leader of Communist Russia and USSR

1925 – Albania declares itself a republic.

1954 – The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton.

1976 – Commercial service of Concorde begins with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.

2013 Public Inauguration of President Obama as President of USA for the Second Term




All Global Headlines of the Day

21 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

23 January - History and Importance of the Day

638 Start of Islamic Calendar

1368 – In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.

1556 - Deadliest earthquake in China

1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell is awarded her M.D. by the Geneva Medical College of Geneva, New York, becoming the United States' first female doctor.
1899 – The Malolos Constitution is inaugurated, establishing the First Philippine Republic. Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

1993 Graham Gooch scored his 100th first class 100 at Cuttack, India.

1997 – Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.


1897 – Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian freedom movement leader and founder of Azad Hind Fauz (d. 1945)
1926 – Bal Thackeray, Indian politician (d. 2012)



History of the day -    India  - USA

23 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

20 - January - History and Importance of the Day

1783 – The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence).
1841 – Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.
1920 – The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
1921 – The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.

1961 Inauguration of John F. Kennedy as President of USA

Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren administers the oath of office to President Kennedy.  In his speech President Kennedy urges American citizens to participate in public service and "ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country."

1981 – Ronald Reagan's presidency was inaugurated. At age 69, he was the oldest man ever to be inaugurated as U.S. President.
1991 – Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.


1931 – David Lee, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

20 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

19 - January - History and Importance of the Day

1795 – The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands bringing to an end the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.
1883 – The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.


1798 – Auguste Comte, French philosopher (d. 1857)
1813 – Henry Bessemer, English engineer and businessman (d. 1898)

19 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

13 - January - History and Importance of the Day

1893 – The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom holds its first meeting.
1915 – An earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800.
1942 – Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car.
1942 – World War II: First use of an aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1966 – Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African American Cabinet member when he is appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
1988 – Lee Teng-hui becomes the first native Taiwanese President of the Republic of China.
1990 – Douglas Wilder becomes the first elected African American governor as he takes office in Richmond, Virginia.

13 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

12 - January - History and Importance of the Day

1528 - Gustav I of Sweden "father of the nation" crowned King of Sweden. Rules 37 years
1755 - Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
1866 – The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
1960 - Sobers & Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt v England
1964 - Bapu Nadkarni bowled 21 consecutive maidens. 32 overs - 27 maidens - 5 runs. This is against England.


1729 – Edmund Burke, Irish politician and philosopher (d. 1797)
1863 – Swami Vivekananda, Indian philosopher (d. 1902)
1917 – Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru (d. 2008)

12 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

11 - January - History and Importance of the Day

1759 – In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the first American life insurance company is incorporated.
1922 – First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
1927 – Louis B. Mayer, head of film studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), announces the creation of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, at a banquet in Los Angeles, California.
1959 - Hanif Mohammed scored 499
1964 – Surgeon General of the United States Dr. Luther Terry, M.D., publishes the landmark report Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States saying that smoking may be hazardous to health, sparking national and worldwide anti-smoking efforts.
1972 – East Pakistan renames itself Bangladesh.
1981 - Palau adopts constitution


 1815 – John A. Macdonald, Canadian politician, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1891)

11 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

31 January - History and Importance of the Day

Nauru - Independence Day

1862 - Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
1863 - 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
1871 - Millions of birds fly over western San Francisco, darkening the sky
1905 - 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
1934 - FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
1943 - Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
1946 - Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
1948 - Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
1950 USA President Truman announced Hydrogen bomb development program.
1958 - James van Allen discovers radiation belt
1958 - US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1
1968 - Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) declares independence from Australia



History of the Day - India

31 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

30 January - History and Importance of the Day

World Leprosy Day (is celebrated on 4th Sunday of January)

1487 - Bell chimes invented
1649 King Charles I was beheaded
1790 - Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr Greathead, the inventor
1862 - USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
1883 - England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
1894 - Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
1922 - World Law Day, 1st celebrated
1927 - Left wins national election in Thuringen
1948 - Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
1961 - Lance Gibbs (West Indies) takes hat-trick (Mackay, Grout, Misson) at Adelaide
1979 - Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) adopts a new constitution
1989 - Five Pharaoh sculptures from 1470 BC found at temple of Luxor
1994 - Kapil Dev equals Richard Hadlee's world record of 431 Test wkts




2013 - News Headlines - Guardian

History of the Day - India

30 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

28 January - History and Importance of the Day

1077 - German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII after his penitent Walk to Canossa.
1547 – Nine-year-old Edward VI becomes King of England. He is the first Protestant ruler of England.
1624 - Sir Thomas Warner founds the first British colony in the Caribbean, on Saint Kitts.
1807 - London's Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight
1855 - The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.
1878 - 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
1915 - US Pres Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates
1933 - The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhary Rehmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence.
1956 - Elvis Presley's 1st appearance on National TV (Dorsey Bros Stage Show)
1958 - The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today.
1986 - 25th Space Shuttle (51L)-Challenger 10 explodes 73 sec after liftoff
1991 - Dictator Siad Barre flees Somalia ending 22 year rule
2011 - Hundreds of thousands of protesters fill the Egyptian's streets against the Mubarak regime in demonstrations referred to as the "Friday of Anger"


1865 – Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author and politician (d. 1928)
1922 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)



History of the Day - India

28 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

27 January - History and Importance of the Day

International Day of Commemoration in memory of the victims of the Holocaust

27 January 2013 is World Leprosy Day also. Four Sunday of January

98 – Trajan succeeded his adoptive father Nerva as Roman emperor; under his rule the Roman Empire would reach its maximum extent.
1785 – The University of Georgia is founded, the first public university in the United States.

1926 John Logie Baird gave demonstration of first TV system in London

1974 – The Brisbane River breaches its banks causing the largest flood to affect the city of Brisbane in the 20th century.



History of the Day - India -

27 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

26 January - History and Importance of the Day

Australia Day
Republic Day - India

International Customs Day

66 - 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

1500 Pinzon discovered Brazil

1700 - The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.

1788 Australia Day - Captain Arthur Phillip landed in Australia with 11 ships. Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoisted the English flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales. Now the day is celebrated as Australia Day

1875 - Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
1886 - Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor
1905 - World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa
1929 - Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence
1950 - India becomes a republic,
1967 - Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned
1972 - Air stewardess Vesna Vulovic survives 10,160m fall without parachute
1980 - Mary Decker became 1st woman to run a mile in under 4½ minutes
2001 - An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
2004 - President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.


1918 – Nicolae Ceauşescu, Romanian politician, 1st President of Romania (d. 1989)



History of the Day - India -

26 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

25 January - History and Importance of the Day

1565 - Battle at Talikota India: the Deccan sultans in combinations destroyed Vijayanagar's army and destroyed their capital Hampi Vijayanagar. This Hindu kingdom formed by driving out Muslim from South India flourished further for many more years. Marathas defeated Vijayanar Nayaks subsequently in Tanjore and established their rule. A large part of South India was under the Hindu rule under Vijaya Nagar Empire and its constituent rules of various areas.
1799 - 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
1881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
1914 - An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
1915 - Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (New York to San Francisco)
1924 - 1st Winter Olympic games open in Chamonix, France
1945 - Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
1979 - 1st documented case of a robot killing a human in US

1981 China Mao's Widow Jiang Qing was sentenced to death. But it was later converted to life imprisonment. She died in 1991 due to apparent suicide.

2011 Day of Wrath Demonstrations in Egypt that lead to the change of regime



History of the Day - India -

25 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

24 January - History and Importance of the Day

In 2013 Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad)

661 - Ali ibn Abu Talib, caliph of Islam (656-61), was murdered. Caliph Ali, son-in-law of Muhammad,
1857 – The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first fully-fledged university in South Asia.

1908 - Boy Scounts movement began with the publication of first writeup Scouting for Boys by Robert Baden-Powell

1939 – The deadliest earthquake in Chilean history strikes Chillán, killing approximately 28,000 people.

1965 - Death of Winston Churchill


1943 – Subhash Ghai, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter



History of the Day - India -

24 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

7 January - History and Importance of the Day

1558 – France takes Calais, the last continental possession of England in Europe.
1610 – Galileo Galilei makes his first observation of the four Galilean moons: Ganymede, Callisto, Io and Europa, although he is not able to distinguish the last two until the following day.
1714 Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill
1782 – The first American commercial bank, the Bank of North America, opens.
1913 - William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
1920 – The New York State Assembly refuses to seat five duly elected Socialist assemblymen.
1929 - "Tarzan," one of the 1st adventure comic strips, 1st appears
1949 - 1st photo of genes taken at University of S California by Pease & Baker
1954 - Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM.
1987 - Kapil Dev takes his 300th Test wicket, at 28 the youngest
1989 – Prince Akihito is sworn in as the emperor of Japan after the death of his father Hirohito
1993 - The Fourth Republic of Ghana is inaugurated with Jerry Rawlings as President.


1957 – Reena Roy, Indian actress
1964 – Nicolas Cage, American actor, producer, and director

7 January - History of India

7 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

6 January - History and Importance of the Day

1912 – German geophysicist Alfred Wegener first presents his theory of continental drift.
1914 - Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
1929 - Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta.
1930 – The first diesel-engined automobile trip is completed, from Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York, New York.
1931 – Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
1980 - Indira Gandhi's Congress Party returns to power with a win in Lok Sabha elections in India
1984 - Last day of Test cricket for Chappell, Marsh & Lillee
1987 - 100th US Congress convenes


1412 – Joan of Arc, French saint (d. 1431)

6 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

Millennium Development Goals - target Year 2015

The goals

1. Eradicate hunger
2. Achieve universal primary education
3. Promote gender equality and empower women
4. Reduce child mortality
5. Improve maternal health
6. Combat HIV, Aids, malaria and other diseases
7. Ensure environmental sustainability
8. Develop a global partnership for development

To be achieved by 2015

New development goals will be declared from 2015.

14 January - History and Importance of the Day

1514 Pope Leo X issued papal bull against slavery

1761 – The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas.
1911 – Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition makes landfall on the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.
1953 – Josip Broz Tito is inaugurated as the first President of Yugoslavia.
2004 – The national flag of The Republic of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag", is restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
2005 – The Huygens probe lands on Saturn's moon Titan.
2011 – The former president of Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled his country to Saudi Arabia after a series of street demonstrations against his regime and corrupt policies, asking for freedom, rights and democracy, considered as the anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution and the birth of the Arab Spring.
2012 – The Pirate Party of Greece is founded, on the model of the Swedish Pirate Party.

83 BC – Mark Antony, Roman general and politician (d. 30 BCE)
1875 – Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)

History of Day - Films - English - Hindi - Telugu

Saturday, November 22, 2014

18 January - History and Importance of the Day

1778 – James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the "Sandwich Islands".
1871 – Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles (France).  The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans.
1886 – Modern hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
1896 – An X-ray generating machine is exhibited for the first time by H.L. Smith.
1919 – World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France.
1993 – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all 50 states.
2005 – The Airbus A380, the world's largest commercial jet, is unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse, France


1910 – Kenneth E. Boulding, English economist (d. 1993)
1921 – Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

17 January - History and Importance of the Day

395 – Emperor Theodosius I dies in Milan, the Roman Empire is re-divided into an eastern and a western half. The Eastern Roman Empire is centered in Constantinople under Arcadius, son of Theodosius, and the Western Roman Empire in Mediolanum under Honorius, his brother (aged 10).

1377 – Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.
1608 – Emperor Susenyos surprises an Oromo army at Ebenat; his army reportedly kills 12,000 Oromo at the cost of 400 of his men.
1773 – Captain James Cook and his crew become the first Europeans to sail below the Antarctic Circle.
1941 – Franco-Thai War: French forces inflict a decisive defeat over the Royal Thai Navy.

2002 – Mount Nyiragongo erupts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, displacing an estimated 400,000 people.


1706 – Benjamin Franklin, American publisher and politician, 6th President of Pennsylvania (d. 1790)
1911 – George Joseph Stigler, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)


25 December History and Importance of The Day

Merry Christmas

336 – First documentary sign of Christmas celebration in ancient Rome
496 - French king Clovis baptised

800 - Pope Leo III crowned Charles the Great (Charlemagne) as Roman emperor

1599 - The city of Natal, Brazil was founded.
1809 – Dr. Ephraim McDowell performs the first ovariotomy, removing a 22 pound tumor.
1922 - Lenin dictated his "Political testament"
1926 - Hirohito became emperor of Japan (1926-1989
1947 – The Constitution of the Republic of China goes into effect.
1989 – Deposed President of Romania Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife, First-Deputy Prime-Minister Elena Ceaușescu are condemned to death and executed after a summary trial.


1642 – Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher (d. 1727)
1876 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, German chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
1904 – Gerhard Herzberg, German-Canadian physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1999)
1970 – Nagma, Indian actress


25 December in  History of India

25 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

World History - Video Lecture 7
Richard Bulliet - Columbia University


BBC News - 25 Dec

16 January - History and Importance of the Day

1362 - A great storm tide in the North Sea destroys the German island of Strand and the city of Rungholt.
1793 - French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution
1868 - Refrigerator car patented by William Davis.
1897 - John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal
1970 - Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects.
1986 - First meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force.


1926 – O. P. Nayyar, Indian composer (d. 2007)

31 December History and Importance of the Day

1600 - British East India Company chartered
1878 – Karl Benz, working in Mannheim, Germany, filed for a patent on his first reliable two-stroke gas engine, and he was granted the patent in 1879.
1879 – Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time, in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1911 - Marie Curie receives her 2nd Nobel Prize
The second Nobel prize is for chemistry while the first is in Physics

1930 - US tobacco industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in 1930
1946 - President of USA declared official end of Wold War II.
1955 - The General Motors Corporation becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.
1963 – The Central African Federation officially collapses, subsequently becoming Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
1991 – All official Soviet Union institutions  ceased operations by this date and the Soviet Union was officially dissolved.
1992 – Czechoslovakia is peacefully dissolved creating of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
1998 – The European Exchange Rate Mechanism freezes the values of the legacy currencies in the Eurozone, and establishes the value of the euro currency.
1999 - Boris Yeltsin resigns as President of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting President


1943 – Ben Kingsley, English actor - He played the role of Gandhi in Attenborough's Gandhi.

30 December - History and Importance of the Day

1906 – The All-India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, India. The party was responsible for the partition of India and formation of  Pakistan.
1906 - Iran became a constitutional monarchy
1922 – The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is formed.
1938 - Electronic television system patented by V K Zworykin
1943 - Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.

1947 - King Michael of Romania forced by communists to abdicate his throne and Romanian Republic proclaimed.
1949 - India recognized People's Republic of China
2006 – Former President of Iraq Saddam Hussein is executed.


1879 – Ramana Maharshi, Indian guru and philosopher (d. 1950)


29 December History and Importance of the Day

1845 – In accordance with International Boundary delimitation, United States annexes the Republic of Texas, following the manifest destiny doctrine. The Republic of Texas, which had been independent since the Texas Revolution of 1836, is thereupon admitted as the 28th U.S. state.
1885 - Gottlieb Daimler patented first bike (Germany)
1911 – Mongolia gained independence
1911 - Sun Yat-sen became the first President of the Republic of China.
1920 - Yugoslav government banned communist party
1922 - Dutch Constitution proclaimed
1940 - Germany started dropping incendiary bombs on London in WW II
1959 – Physicist Richard Feynman gave a speech entitled "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom", which is regarded as the birth of nanotechnology.
1978 - Spain new constitution goes into effect


1800 – Charles Goodyear, American engineer (d. 1860)


BBC News - 29 Dec

29 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

28 December History and Importance of the Day

1885 – Indian National Congress, a political party of India is founded in Bombay, India.
1895 – The Lumière brothers showed their film for paying audience at the Grand Cafe in Boulevard des Capucines, marking the debut of the cinema.
1895 – Wilhelm Röntgen published a paper detailing his discovery of a new type of radiation, which was later named as x-rays.
1906 - Ecuador adopts its constitution
1950 - Chinese troops crossed 38th Parallel, into South Korea
1970 - Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) adopted constitution
1973 - Alexander Solzhenitsyn published "Gulag Archipelago"
2007 - Nepal declared a federal democratic Republic by interim parliament, abolishing the monarchy.


26 December History and Importance of the Day

Boxing Day

1898 – Marie and Pierre Curie announce the isolation of radium.
1925 - The Communist Party of India is founded.
1976 – The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist) is founded.
1979 - Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
1991 – The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union meets and formally dissolves the Soviet Union.

2004 - Sunami in Thailand and Indonesia


1791 – Charles Babbage, English mathematician and engineer, invented the Difference engine (d. 1871)
1928 - Martin Cooper - inventor of Hand Held Mobile Phone
1940 – Edward C. Prescott, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate


23 December History and Importance of the Day

1912 - Aswan Dam on Nile begins operation
1913 – The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve System.
1922 - BBC Radio began daily newscasts
1941 - Japan's assault on Rangoon Burma
1947 – The transistor is first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
1954 – First successful kidney transplant is performed by J. Hartwell Harrison and Joseph Murray.



23 December - India History

23 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History of the World - Video Lecture 5
Columbia University - Richard Bulliet


BBC News 23 Dec

22 December History and Importance of the Day

69 – Emperor Vitellius is captured and murdered at the Gemonian stairs in Rome.
1808 – Ludwig van Beethoven conducts and performs in concert at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, with the premiere of his Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto (performed by Beethoven himself) and Choral Fantasy (with Beethoven at the piano).

1849 - The execution of Fyodor Dostoevsky (Author,Russia) was called off at the last second.

1851 - The first freight train was operated in Roorkee, India. The first passengers train was operated between Bombay and Thane later.

1886 - First  National Accountants' Society in US was formed in New York City.

1941 - Japans invasion of  Luzon, Philippines

1944 – World War II: The Vietnam People's Army is formed to resist Japanese occupation of Indochina, now Vietnam.
1947 – The Constituent Assembly of Italy approves the Constitution of Italy post second world war.
1990 – The Croatian Parliament adopts the new Constitution of Croatia.


1666 – Guru Gobind Singh,  X Sikh Guru  (d. 1708)



22 December World News Headlines - Reuters

22 December in India History

22 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

World History - Video Lecture 4
Columbia University


21 December History and Importance of the Day

640 – Muslim Arabs capture Babylon Fortress in the Nile Delta (near Cairo) after a seven-month siege.
1620 – Plymouth Colony: William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims land on what is now known as Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1826 – American settlers in Nacogdoches, Mexican Texas, declare their independence, starting the Fredonian Rebellion.
1832 – Egyptian–Ottoman War: Egyptian forces decisively defeat Ottoman troops at the Battle of Konya.

1923 - Nepal ceased to be British protectorate and became an  independent nation

1941 – World War II: A formal treaty of alliance between Thailand and Japan is signed in the presence of the Emerald Buddha in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.
1951 – Libya became an independent country.
1968 – Apollo program: Apollo 8 is launched from the Kennedy Space Center, placing its crew on a lunar trajectory for the first visit to another celestial body by humans.



News Headlines 2012

21 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

World History Lecture 3


BBC News - 21 Dec

28 June - History and Importance of the Day

1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeated Kerbogha of Mosull.
1709 – Peter the Great defeated Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava.

1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie were assassinated in Sarajevo by Bosnia Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip. It became the reason for World War I.  (World War I Events - Timeline)

1919 – The Treaty of Versailles was signed in Paris, bringing fighting to an end in between Germany and the Allies of World War I.
1926 – Mercedes-Benz was formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.
1942 – World War II: Nazi Germany started its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue
1950 – Korean War: Seoul was captured by North Korean troops.
1996 – The Constitution of Ukraine was signed into law.

2011 - Google+ was launched

2014 - Management Theory Review - my blog on management knowledge facilitating revision of MBA knowledge reached million cumulative page views figure.


Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) was born in Geneva, Switzerland. His book The Social Contract stated that no laws are binding unless agreed upon by the people, a concept that deeply affected the French.

Birthday - German-American physicist Maria Goeppert Mayer (1906-1972) was born in Kattowitz, Germany. She participated in the secret Manhattan Project, the building of the first atomic bomb. She later became the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize, sharing the 1963 prize for physics for works explaining atomic nuclei, known as the nuclear shell theory.



June Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

World War I Events - Timeline

20 December - History and Importance of the Day

International Human Solidarity Day

1661 - Corporation Act enforced in England
1893 – The end of one of the most dramatic Test Matches of all time. In the first to involve six days of play, England became the first team to win one after following on at Sydney.
1922 - Formation of Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR)
1924 - Adolf Hitler freed from jail
1933 - Bolivia & Paraguay signed cease fire agreement
1957 – The initial production version of the Boeing 707 makes its first flight.
1971 – Zulfikar Ali Bhutto takes over as the fourth President of Pakistan.
1973 – The Prime Minister of Spain, Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, is assassinated by a car bomb attack in Madrid.
1985 – Pope John Paul II announces the institution of World Youth Day.
1988 – The United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is signed in Vienna, Austria.


1942 – Rana Bhagwandas, Pakistani judge, Chief Justice of Pakistan
1942 – Jean-Claude Trichet, French banker and economist
1970 – Grant Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer and coach


20 December India History

20 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History YouTube Videos for the Day

World History Lecture 2


BBC News for 20 Dec

4 January - History and Importance of the Day

Myanmar (Burma) Independence Day

46 BC – Julius Caesar defeated Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina.
1847 – Samuel Colt sold  his first revolver pistol to the United States government

1948 – Burma gained its independence from the United Kingdom.
2004 – Spirit, a NASA Mars rover, landed successfully on Mars
2007 – The 110th United States Congress convened. It elected Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.
2010 – Burj Khalifa, the world's tallest building, was officially opened.


4 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

3 January - History and Importance of the Day

1431 – Joan of Arc was handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon.
1521 – Pope Leo X excommunicated  Martin Luther.
1777 - General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ

1825 - Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
1868 – Meiji Restoration in Japan
1872 - 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
1888 - 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington DC

1947 – Proceedings of the U.S. Congress were televised for the first time.
2009 – The first block of the blockchain of the decentralized payment system Bitcoin, called the Genesis block, was established by the creator of the system, Satoshi Nakamoto.

3 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

2 January - History and Importance of the Day

1757 - British troops occupy Calcutta India
1879 - 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG
1906 - W H Carrier received a US patent for the world's first air conditioner
1955 – Panamanian president José Antonio Remón Cantera is assassinated.
1959 – Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Moon and to orbit the Sun, is launched by the Soviet Union.
1995 - Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (est 15 billion light years away)

2 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

1 January - History and Importance of the Day

42 BC – The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar
1800 – The Dutch East India Company is dissolved.
1808 – The importation of slaves into the United States is banned.
1822 – The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1877 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
1901 – The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
1912 – The Republic of China is established.
1948 – The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
1956 – Sudan achieves independence
1958 – The European Economic Community is established.
1964 – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.
1971 – Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.

Internet started functioning.  On this day US defence network Arpanet switched to the use of the Internet protocol suite (IPS) communication system.

1984 – Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
1985 – The Internet's Domain Name System is created.
1992 – Russia is officially formed.
1998 – The European Central Bank is established.

1 January Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

Friday, November 21, 2014

16 December History and Importance of the Day

1971 - Bangladesh got liberated from Pakistan
1972 - Bangladesh Constitution goes into effect

1991 - Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

2000 -  President-elect of USA, George W. Bush chose Colin Powell to be the Secretary of State. He is the first African-American secretary of state. Powell was sworn in January 20, 2001.

2001 - In Tora Bora, Afghanistan, considered as the hideout of Osama bin Laden, tribal fighters announced that they had taken the last al-Qaida positions. They had found no sign of Osama bin Laden.



16 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

12 December History and Importance of the Day

Kenya Independence Day

1098 - 1st Crusaders capture & plunder Mara Syria

1800 - Washington DC established as capital of US

1901 - 1st transatlantic radio signal, England to US

1911 - Delhi replaced Calcutta as the capital of India

1914 - The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average - 24.39%.

1957 - Manufacture of Borazon (harder than diamond)

1959 - UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space was established

1963 - Kenya became independent

1968 - Arthur Ashe became the 1st black to be ranked #1 in tennis

1979 - Gold hit record $462.50 an ounce

1980 - USA's copyright law was amended to include computer programs



12 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

8 December History and Importance of the Day

1863 - Abraham Lincoln's Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of South

1941 - USA  declared war on Japan - US entered World War II directly




1953 - Kim Basinger, American actress

Science, Engineering and Management History - 8 December

Technology History


History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year


11 December History and Importance of The Day

International Mountain Day

Burkina Faso National Day

1602 - An attack by forces under the command of the Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva. Commemorations/celebrations on Fête de l'Escalade are usually held on December 11 or the closest weekend in Geneva
1816 - Citizens of Geneva thwarted Savoyard invaders
1907 - New Zealand Parliament Buildings almost completely destroyed by fire.
1909 - Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, NYC

1946 - The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was established by the U.N. General Assembly.

1971 - The Libertarian Party of the United States is formed.
1979 - Great Britain grants independence to Zimbabwe (Rhodesia)

1994 - The world's largest free trade zone was created when leaders of 34 Western Hemisphere nations signed a free-trade declaration known as "The Miami Process."

1997 - Agreement at the global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, to control the Earth's "greenhouse gases.  The protocol commits nations to roll back greenhouse gas emissions to below 1990 levels



11 December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

9 December History and Importance of The Day

International Anti-Corruption Day

Anti-Corruption Legislation - Papers and Articles

By Mr Tony KWOK Man-wai

The Effectiveness of Anticorruption Policy - What has worked? - 2011 paper
World Bank 2000

536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
1425 - Pope Martinus V forms University of Leuven
1854 - Alfred Tennyson's poem, "Charge of the Light Brigade," published

1961 - Tanganyika gains independence from Britain. Named changed to Tanzania
           A Report in 2011 on 50 years of independence         

1963 - Zanzibar gains independence from Britain
           Zanzibar and Tanzania mainland now form United Republic of Tanzania

1608 - John Milton, Poet



December Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management

History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year


4 December History and Importance of The Day

771 - King Carloman joint King died, leaving Charlemagne, the sole ruler of the Frankish Kingdom.

1791 - Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, first published
1829 - "sati or satee" system abolished in India (widow burning on her husband's funeral pyre
1836 - Whig party held its First national convention, USA

1844 - James K Polk elected 11th president of USA
1881 - The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.
1942 -  First US citizenship granted as an alien on foreign soil to James Hoey
1954 - The first Burger King was opened in Miami, Florida, USA

1961 - Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN
1964 - Test Cricket debut of Ian Chappell, v Pakistan MCG, 11, 0-49, 0-31
1973 - Pioneer 10 reaches Jupiter
1982 - China adopts its (new) constitution
2011 - 100th Davis Cup: Spain beats Argentina in Seville (3-1)



Knowledge History - Science, Engineering and Management - 4 December

Tech History - YouTube Video


Cricket History  - YouTube Video




1795 - Thomas Carlyle, Scotland, essayist/historian (French Revolution)

1973 - Tyra Banks, Inglewood, California, model/actress (Higher Learning, Fresh Prince of Bel)

5 December History and Importance of the Day

History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year

1 December - History and Importance of the Day

World AIDS Day

National Day Romania

National Day UAE

1641 - Massachusetts becomes 1st colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
1742 - Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
1843 - 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
1896 - 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

1941 - Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war

1970 - Independent People's Republic of South Yemen becomes People Democratic Republic of Yemen

1989 - East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution

1998 - Exxon announced a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the world's largest company.



Technology History


Cricket History Highlights


History and Importance of the Day - Index of the Year