1778 – James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the "Sandwich Islands".
1871 – Wilhelm I of Germany is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles (France). The empire is known as the Second Reich to Germans.
1886 – Modern hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
1896 – An X-ray generating machine is exhibited for the first time by H.L. Smith.
1919 – World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France.
1993 – Martin Luther King, Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all 50 states.
2005 – The Airbus A380, the world's largest commercial jet, is unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse, France
1910 – Kenneth E. Boulding, English economist (d. 1993)
1921 – Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate